is, with 8850 m. (29035 ft.), by far the highest mountain on the planet.
In Tibet it is called 'Chomolungma', which means 'Mother goddess of the
Earth'. Tibettans gave this name long befor western scientists had concluded
that Everest was the highest mountain. In Nepal, Everest is called 'Sagarmatha'
which means 'goddess of the sky'.
Everest was believed to have a height of 8848 m. (29028 ft.). Recent GPS-meassurements
however have concluded that Everest is even 2 meters/7 ft. higher then
until recently assumed.
of Everest is however always questionable because of large quantities of
snow that build up on the summit constantly which can get blown away again
in little time. In the picture above you can see the typical plume of snow
which is blown away from the summit.
Longitude: 86º55’40" E
Latitude: 27º59’16" N
First Climb: Tenzing Norgay (Nepal)
& Edmund Percival Hillary (New Zealand) 5/29/53 via the South-East
First woman: Junko Tabei (Japan) 5/16/75
via the South-East Ridge
Most Ascents: 11 by Apa Sherpa. Ten
by Ang Rita Sherpa (born 1947), 1983,1984,1985,1987,1988,1990,1992,1993,1995,
and 1996 all ascents were oxygen-less. Ten, by Babu Chiri Sherpa.
Solo: Reinhold Messner (Italy) 8/20/80
via the North Col to the North Face and the Great Couloir. He climbed for
three days entirely alone from his base camp at 6,500 meters without the
use of artificial oxygen.
First Ascent without bottled oxygen:
Peter Habeler (Austria) and Reinhold Messner (Italy) 5/8/78 via the South-East
Youngest person: Shambu Tamang (Nepal)
16 on 5/5/73
North Side: Fastest Ascent via the standard
North Col-north ridge-north face Route: Hans Kammerlander (Italian) 5/24/96,
16 hours 45 minutes from base camp. He left BC at 6400 meters at 5pm on
May 23, 1996 and was on the Summit 16 hours 45 minutes later at 9:45am
the next day. He descended most of the route on skis.
First Winter ascent Krzysztof Wielicki
First woman without oxygen Lydia Bradey
(New Zealand) 10/14/88.
Speed Record Nepal Side: Babu Chiri
First true Ski descent: Davo Karnicar
1841: Sir George Everest, surveyor
of India from records location of Everest labeling it Peak XV
1856: Surveyor Andrew Waugh completes
first height measurement, declaring Everest to be 8840 meters high. (29,002
1859: Peak XV re-named Mt. Everest
to honor Sir George Everest
1921: British expedition:
None reach the summit.
1924: British team with
Lt. Col. Norton reaches 8580 meters without oxygen. George Mallory and
Andrew Irving are seen somewhere above Camp 1. They never return.
1934: Maurice Wilson attempts
to solo Everest - his body is later found at 6400 meters.
1950: Tibet falls under
Chinese rule , expeditions are is closed. Nepal allows expeditions
from the south.
1953: Sir Edmund Hillary
and Tenzing Norgay summit via South Col route.
1955: Height of Everest
is adjusted by 26 feet to 8,848 meters.
1960: Chinese team summits
via the North Ridge (some dispute it).
1973: Shambu Tamang of Nepal,
summits at 16 years old.
1975: Junko Tabei of Japan
became the first woman to reach the summit.
1978: Reinhold Messner and Peter
Habeler become the first climbers to Summit without bottled oxygen.
1979: China opens up the
north side again.
1980: Reinhold Messner solos Everest
via the North Col/North Face route.
2000: Appa Sherpa Summits for the
The Early Days: 1922-1972
The Modern Era: 1973-2000